A Slave Between Empires

A Transimperial History of North Africa

M'hamed Oualdi

Columbia University Press

A Slave Between Empires

Pub Date: February 2020

ISBN: 9780231191869

264 Pages

Format: Hardcover

List Price: $65.00£50.00

Pub Date: February 2020

ISBN: 9780231549554

264 Pages

Format: E-book

List Price: $64.99£50.00

A Slave Between Empires

A Transimperial History of North Africa

M'hamed Oualdi

Columbia University Press

In June 1887, a man known as General Husayn, a manumitted slave turned dignitary in the Ottoman province of Tunis, passed away in Florence after a life crossing empires. As a youth, Husayn was brought from Circassia to Turkey, where he was sold as a slave. In Tunis, he ascended to the rank of general before French conquest forced his exile to the northern shores of the Mediterranean. His death was followed by wrangling over his estate that spanned a surprising array of actors: Ottoman Sultan Abdülhamid II and his viziers; the Tunisian, French, and Italian governments; and representatives of Muslim and Jewish diasporic communities.

A Slave Between Empires investigates Husayn’s transimperial life and the posthumous battle over his fortune to recover the transnational dimensions of North African history. M’hamed Oualdi places Husayn within the international context of the struggle between Ottoman and French forces for control of the Mediterranean amid social and intellectual ferment that crossed empires. Oualdi considers this part of the world not as a colonial borderland but as a central space where overlapping imperial ambitions transformed dynamic societies. He explores how the transition between Ottoman rule and European colonial domination was felt in the daily lives of North African Muslims, Christians, and Jews and how North Africans conceived of and acted upon this shift. Drawing on a wide range of Arabic, French, Italian, and English sources, A Slave Between Empires is a groundbreaking transimperial microhistory that demands a major analytical shift in the conceptualization of North African history.
Oualdi has much to offer his readers by bringing insights from French and Arabic historiography on Tunisia’s Ottoman and colonial past to an English readership, revealing the entangled nature of Tunisian, North African, French, Italian, and Ottoman histories. Following the life (and afterlife) of a slave turned minister, A Slave Between Empires is rich with new insights and tantalizing details, and Oualdi has clearly scoured many archives to put this together. Amy Kallander, author of Women, Gender, and the Palace Households in Ottoman Tunisia

About the Author

M’hamed Oualdi is associate professor of history and Near Eastern studies at Princeton University and full professor at Sciences Po, Paris. He is the author of Esclaves et maîtres: Les mamelouks au service des beys de Tunis du XVIIe siècle aux années 1880 (2011).