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    • December 2010
    • 9780231129237
  • 408 Pages

  • Paperback
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    • June 2009
    • 9780231129220
  • 408 Pages

  • Hardcover
  • $29.95
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    • June 2009
    • 9780231520126
  • 408 Pages

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A Tragedy of Democracy

Japanese Confinement in North America

Greg Robinson

The confinement of some 120,000 Japanese Americans during World War II, often called the Japanese American internment, has been described as the worst official civil rights violation of modern U. S. history. Greg Robinson not only offers a bold new understanding of these events but also studies them within a larger time frame and from a transnational perspective. Drawing on newly discovered material, Robinson provides a backstory of confinement that reveals for the first time the extent of the American government's surveillance of Japanese communities in the years leading up to war and the construction of what officials termed "concentration camps" for enemy aliens. He also considers the aftermath of confinement, including the place of Japanese Americans in postwar civil rights struggles, the long movement by former camp inmates for redress, and the continuing role of the camps as touchstones for nationwide commemoration and debate. Most remarkably, A Tragedy of Democracy is the first book to analyze official policy toward West Coast Japanese Americans within a North American context. Robinson studies confinement on the mainland alongside events in wartime Hawaii, where fears of Japanese Americans justified Army dictatorship, suspension of the Constitution, and the imposition of military tribunals. He similarly reads the treatment of Japanese Americans against Canada's confinement of 22,000 citizens and residents of Japanese ancestry from British Columbia. A Tragedy of Democracy recounts the expulsion of almost 5,000 Japanese from Mexico's Pacific Coast and the poignant story of the Japanese Latin Americans who were kidnapped from their homes and interned in the United States. Approaching Japanese confinement as a continental and international phenomenon, Robinson offers a truly kaleidoscopic understanding of its genesis and outcomes.

About the Author

Greg Robinson, a native of New York City, is associate professor of history at l'Université du Québec à Montréal and author of By Order of the President: FDR and the Internment of Japanese Americans.

"Robinson deftly merges the Pacific Rim experience into one coherent magnum opus." — Wayne Maeda, Nichi Bei Times

"A superb history about one of the more shameful chapters in U.S. history." — Jeff Kingston, The Japan Times

"[A] memorable... revealing book." — Jonathan Mirsky, Times Literary Supplement

"Robinson has clearly mastered his subject, and this book provides a clear, comprehensive account, including facts both well known and obscure.... Highly recommended." — Choice

"tour de force" — Nichi Bei Times

"A superb history about one of the more shameful chapters in U.S. history." — Jonathan Mirsky, Times Literary Supplement

"Robinson has clearly mastered his subject, and this book provides a clear, comprehensive account, including facts both well known and obscure.... Highly recommended." — Choice Magazine

"A Tragedy of Democracy serves as a timely reminder of how badly things can get out of control in times of war." — Rachel Pistol, Reviews in History

"In examining the mistreatment of ethnic Japanese Americans and Canadians as a tragedy of democracy, Greg Robinson has produced a triumph of narrative synthesis, one that will stand as the definitive work of its generation." — Daryl J. Maeda, Journal of American Ethnic History

"A Tragedy of Democracy is a remarkably well-written, extensively researched, and innovatively reasoned history of internment… One wishes that this important book would appear on the shelves of every Justice Department and military lawyer." — Canadian Journal of History

"A magnificent tour de force. This book will achieve the status not only of the best extant study on the topic, but also the one most widely adopted in college classrooms and purchased by the general public." — Arthur Hansen, director of the Japanese American Evacuation History Project

"This book is outstanding. While the experience of Japanese Americans during World War II is the subject of more publications than any other aspect of Asian American history, this volume is likely to become established, quickly and rightly so, as the definitive account. Other scholars have done excellent work, but Greg Robinson's study is original and comprehensive. He uses archival materials that have never been analyzed before and the scope of his work extends beyond the United States to Canada and Latin America and covers everything from the earliest migrants to arrive from Japan to the successful redress movement. Even readers who are experts will benefit from consulting this book. It is excellent." — Frank Wu, author of Yellow: Race in America Beyond Black and White

"A magnificent tour de force. This book will achieve the status not only of the best extant study on the topic, but also the one most widely adopted in college classrooms and purchased by the general public." — Arthur Hansen, director of the Japanese American Evacuation History Project

"This book is outstanding. While the experience of Japanese Americans during World War II is the subject of more publications than any other aspect of Asian American history, this volume is likely to become established, quickly and rightly so, as the definitive account. Other scholars have done excellent work, but Greg Robinson's study is original and comprehensive. He uses archival materials that have never been analyzed before and the scope of his work extends beyond the United States to Canada and Latin America and covers everything from the earliest migrants to arrive from Japan to the successful redress movement. Even readers who are experts will benefit from consulting this book. It is excellent." — Frank Wu, author of Yellow: Race in America Beyond Black and White

About the Author

Greg Robinson, a native of New York City, is associate professor of history at l'Université du Québec à Montréal and author of By Order of the President: FDR and the Internment of Japanese Americans.

A Note on Terminology
Introduction
1. Background to Confinement
2. The Decision to Remove Ethnic Japanese from the West Coast
3. Removal from the West Coast and Control of Ethnic Japanese Outside
4. The Camp Experience
5. Military Service and Legal Challenges
6. The End of Confinement and the Postwar Readjustment of Issei and Nisei
7. Redress and the Bitter Heritage
Notes
Acknowledgments
IndexA Note on TerminologyIntroduction1. Background to Confinement2. The Decision to Remove Ethnic Japanese from the West Coast3. Removal from the West Coast and Control of Ethnic Japanese Outside4. The Camp Experience5. Military Service and Legal Challenges6. The End of Confinement and the Postwar Readjustment of Issei and Nisei7. Redress and the Bitter HeritageNotesAcknowledgmentsIndex

About the Author

Greg Robinson, a native of New York City, is associate professor of history at l'Université du Québec à Montréal and author of By Order of the President: FDR and the Internment of Japanese Americans.

About the Author

Greg Robinson, a native of New York City, is associate professor of history at l'Université du Québec à Montréal and author of By Order of the President: FDR and the Internment of Japanese Americans.

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About the Author

Greg Robinson, a native of New York City, is associate professor of history at l'Université du Québec à Montréal and author of By Order of the President: FDR and the Internment of Japanese Americans.

2009 Association for Asian American Studies Prize in History

About the Author

Greg Robinson, a native of New York City, is associate professor of history at l'Université du Québec à Montréal and author of By Order of the President: FDR and the Internment of Japanese Americans.