Why would China jeopardize its relationship with the United States, the former Soviet Union, Vietnam, and much of Southeast Asia to sustain the Khmer Rouge and provide hundreds of millions of dollars to postwar Cambodia? Why would China invest so much in small states, such as those at the China-Africa Forum, that offer such small political, economic, and strategic return?
Some scholars assume pragmatic or material concerns drive China's foreign policy, while others believe the government was once and still is guided by Marxist ideology. Conducting rare interviews with the actual policy makers involved in these decisions, Sophie Richardson locates the true principles driving China's foreign policy since 1954's Geneva Conference.
Though they may not be "right" in a moral sense, China's ideals are based on a clear view of the world and the interaction of the people within it-a philosophy that, even in an era of unprecedented state power, remains tied to the origins of the PRC as an impoverished, undeveloped state. The Five Principles of Peaceful Coexistencemutual respect for territorial integrity and sovereignty; nonaggression; noninterference; equality and mutual benefit; and peaceful coexistencelive at the heart of Chinese foreign policy and set the parameters for international action. In this model of state-to-state relations, the practices of extensive diplomatic communication, mutual benefit, and restraint in domestic affairs become crucial to achieving national security and global stability.
"A well documented and clearly presented work... Recommended." — Choice
"An informative and insightful account of Sino-Cambodian relations since the early 1950s." — Xiaorong Han, China Review International
"This books adds important dimensions to our understanding of Cambodia's troubled modern history." — Kenton Clymer, Journal of Southeast Asian Studies
"Is Chinese foreign policy really based on 'principle'? Not always, but most often. This is Sophie Richardson's conclusion from a careful analysis of China's application of the 'five principles of peaceful coexistence' to one small developing country. Based entirely on Chinese archival and interview sources, it is also our first serious look in a long time at Sino-Cambodian relations." — Lowell Dittmer, University of California, Berkeley
"Sophie Richardson argues persuasively that the five principles of peaceful coexistence, mapped out by the Chinese Communist leadership before 1949, have served as the bases of the PRC's foreign policy ever since. Using China's relations with Cambodia as a case study and drawing on hundreds of interviews, along with her immersion in previously inaccessible Chinese archives, Richardson demystifies much of what otherwise might seem enigmatic in China's foreign policy and practice since the 1950s. As a bonus, her elegant, pathbreaking analysis is a pleasure to read." — David Chandler, Monash University
"This is the book we have been waiting for. China's close association with the murderous Khmer Rouge regime has been one of the abiding mysteries of post-Vietnam Asia. Sophie Richardson's impressive research and penetrating analysis not only give us some answers but also, by situating Cambodia in the broader context of Chinese foreign policy goals, make a valuable contribution to the literature." — Nayan Chanda, author of Bound Together: How Traders, Preachers, Adventurers, and Warriors Shaped Globalization
1. 1954-March 1970
2. March 1970-January 1979
5. The United States and China