Policies and Politics in Areas of Limited Statehood
Governance discourse centers on an "ideal type" of modern statehood that exhibits full internal and external sovereignty and a legitimate monopoly on the use of force. Yet modern statehood is an anomaly, both historically and within the contemporary international system, while the condition of "limited statehood," wherein countries lack the capacity to implement central decisions and monopolize force, is the norm. Limited statehood, argue the authors in this provocative collection, is in fact a fundamental form of governance, immune to the forces of economic and political modernization.
Challenging common assumptions about sovereign states and the evolution of modern statehood, particularly the dominant paradigms supported by international relations theorists, development agencies, and international organizations, this volume explores strategies for effective and legitimate governance within a framework of weak and ineffective state institutions. Approaching the problem from the perspectives of political science, history, and law, contributors explore the factors that contribute to successful governance under conditions of limited statehood. These include the involvement of nonstate actors and nonhierarchical modes of political influence. Empirical chapters analyze security governance by nonstate actors, the contribution of public-private partnerships to promote the United Nations Millennium Goals, the role of business in environmental governance, and the problems of Western state-building efforts, among other issues. Recognizing these forms of governance as legitimate, the contributors clarify the complexities of a system the developed world must negotiate in the coming century.
For readers who think the world is steadily moving toward the Westphalian ideal of a universal system of sovereign states, this book will be a revelation. For readers who despair at the chronic problem of weak and failing states, this book contains intriguing ideas about alternative forms of stable governance.
On the whole, this is an intriguing first foray into a research area that will undoubtedly bear fruit.
1. Governance in Areas of Limited Statehood: Introduction and Overview, by Thomas Risse
Part I. Insights from Law and History
2. Governance and Colonial Rule, by Sebastian Conrad and Marion Stange
3. Law Without a State? A "New Interplay" Between State and Nonstate Actors in Governance by Rule Making, by Gunnar Folke Schuppert
Part II. Governing Areas of Limited Statehood: The Role of Nonstate Actors
4. New Modes of Security: The Violent Making and Unmaking of Governance in War-Torn Areas of Limited Statehood, by Sven Chojnacki and Zeljko Branovic
5. Transnational Public-Private Partnerships and the Provision of Collective Goods in Developing Countries, by Andrea Liese and Marianne Beisheim
6. Racing to the Top? Regulatory Competition Among Firms in Areas of Limited Statehood, by Tanja Börzel, Adrienne Héritier, Nicole Kranz, and Christian Thauer
7. Governance in Sovereign Debt Crises: Analyzing Creditor-Debtor Interactions, by Henrik Enderlein, Laura von Daniels, and Christoph Trebesch
Part III. State Building and Good Governance: The Role of External Actors
8. International Legal and Moral Standards of Good Governance in Fragile States, by Bernd Ladwig and Beate Rudolf
9. State Building or New Modes of Governance? The Effects of International Involvement in Areas of Limited Statehood, by Ulrich Schneckener
10. Applying the Governance Concept to Areas of Limited Statehood: Implications for International Foreign and Security Policy, by Lars Brozus
List of Contributors