Ami Pedahzur and Arie Perliger, world experts on the study of terror and security, propose a theory of violence that contextualizes not only recent acts of terror but also instances of terrorism that stretch back centuries. Beginning with ancient Palestine and its encounters with Jewish terrorism, the authors analyze the social, political, and cultural factors that sponsor extreme violence, proving religious terrorism is not the fault of one faith, but flourishes within any counterculture that adheres to a totalistic ideology.
When a totalistic community perceives an external threat, the connectivity of the group and the rhetoric of its leaders bolster the collective mindset of members, who respond with violence. In ancient times, the Jewish sicarii of Judea carried out stealth assassinations against their Roman occupiers. In the mid-twentieth century, to facilitate their independence, Jewish groups committed acts of terror against British soldiers and the Arab population in Palestine. More recently, Yigal Amir, a member of a Jewish terrorist cell, assassinated Yitzhak Rabin to express his opposition to the Oslo Peace Accords.
Conducting interviews with former Jewish terrorists, political and spiritual leaders, and law-enforcement officials, and culling information from rare documents and surveys of terrorist networks, Pedahzur and Perliger construct an extensive portrait of terrorist aggression, while also describing the conditions behind the modern rise of zealotry.
Jewish Terrorism in Israel addresses a huge lacuna in the field by providing the first systematic, in-depth treatment of Jewish terrorism from ancient times to today. It concludes with vitally important developments in Jewish extremism over the past nine years, making a signal contribution at a moment when interest in terrorism and counterterrorism is high, when more attention than ever is being focused on terrorism motivated by religion, and when we most need insight into the nature of the Palestinian-Israeli peace process.
Bruce Hoffman, author of Inside Terrorism
Ami Pedahzur and Arie Perliger provide us with an intelligent, sensible, and compelling story of terrorism among a people more famously known as historical victims rather than perpetrators. Their use of multiple research methodsincluding first-hand observations and interviewsis admirable; their insight into the interaction among religious, political, social, and psychological forces is convincing; and their accounts of informal networks and ideological socialization are especially revealing. This book is a model of scholarship on a topic most resistant to dispassionate analysis.
Neil J. Smelser, University of California, Berkeley
This engaging book documents the dark side of Jewish political activism in Israel from ancient times to the present. These gripping accounts, which describe the assassination of Prime Minister Yitzhak Rabin, the anti-Arab vitriol of Meir Kahane, and the strident opposition of the settler movement, show that terrorism has been in the shadows of Jewish politics in Israel, just as it has been in every other religious tradition around the world. Jewish Terrorism in Israel should be required reading for anyone concerned about the moral dilemmas of Jewish activism, peace in the Middle East, and the rise of religious violence everywhere.
Mark Juergensmeyer, author of Terror in the Mind of God: The Global Rise of Religious Violence
[Pedahzur and Perliger] provide excellent insight into a little reported and even lesser understood reality.
This work is timely, objective, and bold... highly recommended. Choice
Sets a high bar for subsequent works.
L. Carl Brown
[ Jewish Terrorism in Israel] provides rich, detailed exploration of a form of terrorism often little noted within the Israeli-Palestinian conflict.
Rebecca L. Torstrick
Most, perhaps all, religious traditions have produced their own long intermittent and unique histories of terrorism. Yet this remarkable, engrossing study is the first to put the story of one religion together. It will surely stimulate studies of other religious traditions, a subject everyone needs to know more about.
David Rapoport, author of Inside Terrorist Organizations
Life in the Counterculture
The Catastrophic Event
The Dynamic and Causes of Radicalization
1. Ancient and Modern History: The Founding Myths
Terrorism in Jerusalem
Jewish Political Activism in the Nineteenth and Twentieth Centuries
2. Early and Mid-Twentieth Century: Ethno-Religious Terrorism
The Split Between the Etzel and the Lehi
The Assassination of Lord Moyne
From the Season to the United Resistance Movement
The Partition Plan
The Assassination of Israel Kastner
Kingdom of Israel (the Tzrifin Underground)
Brit Hakanaim (Covenant of the Zealots)
3. The Camp David Accords: The Struggle over the Promised Land
The Attack on the Mayors
The Crisis of the Camp David Accords
The Jewish Underground
The Founding Clique
Removing the Abomination
The Massacre at the Islamic College
The Exposure of the Network and Conclusions
4. Meir Kahane and the Kach Movement: Jews Against Israelis
Hebron Then and Now
From Jewish Defense League to Kahanist Counterculture
The Modern Hasmonean Revolt
The Struggle in Sinai
The Committee for the Safety of the Roads
God of Vengeance
5. The Assassination of Yitzak Rabin
The Vengeance Underground
The Yigal Amir Group
Formation of the Network
6. The Second Intifada: Vengeance
The Hilltop Youth
The Bat Ayin Group
The Withdrawal from Gaza
7. Eccentric Cults, Vengeances, and Lone Wolves
Uzi Meshulam Cult
The Jerusalem Groups: The Ein Kerem Group and the Lifta Gang
Interim Summary: The Exceptional Groups
Mental Health and External Events
Vengeance, Counterculture, and Mental Disturbances
The Lone Avengers
The Mindset of the Lone Wolves
8. In the Name of God, the People, and the Land: Reassessment of the Causes of Jewish Terrorism
Comparing Jewish Terrorism with Other Manifestations of Religious Terrorism
Concluding Remarks: Looking Ahead
Chronology of Attacks and Events Related to Jewish Terrorism