Sociology of Science and Sociology as Science
Robert K. Merton (1910-2003) was one of the most influential sociologists of the twentieth century, producing clear theories and innovative research that continue to shape multiple disciplines. Merton's reach can be felt in the study of social structure, social psychology, deviance, professions, organizations, culture, and science. Yet for all his fame, Merton is only partially understood. He is treated by scholars as a functional analyst, when in truth his contributions transcend paradigm.
Gathering together twelve major sociologists, Craig Calhoun launches a thorough reconsideration of Merton's achievements and inspires a renewed engagement with sociological theory. Merton's work addressed the challenges of integrating research and theory. It connected different fields of empirical research and spoke to the importance of overcoming divisions between allegedly pure and applied sociology. Merton also sought to integrate sociology with the institutional analysis of science, each informing the other. By bringing together different aspects of his work in one volume, Calhoun illuminates the interdisciplinaryand unifyingdimensions of Merton's approach, while also advancing the intellectual agenda of an increasingly vital area of study.
Contributors: Aaron L. Panofsky, University of California; Alan Sica, Pennsylvania State University; Alejandro Portes, Princeton University; Charles Camic, Northwestern University; Charles Tilly, Columbia University; Craig Calhoun, Social Science Research Council and New York University; Cynthia Fuchs Epstein, City University of New York; Harriet Zuckerman, Mellon Foundation; Peter Simonson, University of Colorado; Ragnvald Kalleberg, University of Oslo; Robert J. Sampson, Harvard University; Thomas F. Gieryn, Indiana University; Viviana A. Zelizer, Princeton University
PrefaceIntroduction: On Merton's Legacy and Contemporary Sociology, by Craig Calhoun, Social Science Research Council and New York University1. Reflections on a Common Theme: Establishing the Phenomenon, Adumbration, and Ideal Types, by Alejandro Portes, Princeton University2. Mechanisms of the Middle Range, by Charles Tilly, Columbia University3. Eliding the Theory/Research and Basic/Applied Divides: Implications of Merton's Middle Range, by Robert J. Sampson, Harvard University4. The Contributions of Robert K. Merton to Culture Theory, by Cynthia Fuchs Epstein, City University of New York5. Culture and Uncertainty, by Viviana A. Zelizer, Princeton University6. "Paradigm for the Sociology of Science", by Thomas F. Gieryn, Indiana University7. A Critical Reconsideration of the Ethos and Autonomy of Science, by Aaron L. Panofsky, University of California8. Merton, Mannheim, and the Sociology of Knowledge, by Alan Sica, Pennsylvania State University9. The Ethos of Science and the Ethos of Democracy, by Ragnvald Kalleberg, University of Oslo10. Merton's Sociology of Rhetoric, by Peter Simonson, University of Colorado11. On Sociological Semantics as an Evolving Research Program, by Harriet Zuckerman, Mellon Foundation12. How Merton Sociologizes the History of Ideas, by Charles Camic, Northwestern UniversityList of ContributorsIndex