Security and Profit in China’s Energy Policy

Hedging Against Risk

Øystein Tunsjø

Columbia University Press

Security and Profit in China’s Energy Policy

Google Preview

Pub Date: November 2013

ISBN: 9780231165082

336 Pages

Format: Hardcover

List Price: $60.00£47.00

Pub Date: November 2013

ISBN: 9780231535434

336 Pages

Format: E-book

List Price: $59.99£47.00

Security and Profit in China’s Energy Policy

Hedging Against Risk

Øystein Tunsjø

Columbia University Press

China has developed sophisticated hedging strategies to insure against risks in the international petroleum market. It has managed a growing net oil import gap and supply disruptions by maintaining a favorable energy mix, pursuing overseas equity oil production, building a state-owned tanker fleet and strategic petroleum reserve, establishing cross-border pipelines, and diversifying its energy resources and routes.

Though it cannot be "secured," China's energy security can be "insured" by marrying government concern with commercial initiatives. This book comprehensively analyzes China's domestic, global, maritime, and continental petroleum strategies and policies, establishing a new theoretical framework that captures the interrelationship between security and profit. Arguing that hedging is central to China's energy-security policy, this volume links government concerns about security of supply to energy companies' search for profits, and by drawing important distinctions between threats and risks, peacetime and wartime contingencies, and pipeline and seaborne energy-supply routes, the study shifts scholarly focus away from securing and toward insuring an adequate oil supply and from controlling toward managing any disruptions to the sea lines of communication. The book is the most detailed and accurate look to date at how China has hedged its energy bets and how its behavior fits a hedging pattern.
Øystein Tunsjø has scored an important coup with his book. His work clearly demonstrates the interaction of strategic and market elements in Beijing's thirsty search for energy reserves. Tunsjø presents a realistic analysis of China's strategic maritime and economic situation. His book is a valuable resource for academics and security policy makers. Bernard D. Cole, National War College
Numerous questions about China's energy security have been raised: in China's energy decision making, is the government or energy companies more influential? Are the 'going out' activities of China's energy companies driven by strategy or profit? The existing answers can be categorized into 'the former one,' 'the latter one,' or 'both.' Creatively and cleverly applying hedging theory, Øystein Tunsjø offers deeper and more persuasive answers. He contributes an utterly new perspective and opens up a new field for China's energy studies. His book will impose long-lasting effects on China's energy security research. Wang Haibin, senior economist and research manager of Sinochem Oil
Øystein Tunsjø has made an important contribution to the existing literature on China's energy policies. Sudha Mahalingam, H-Asia
List of Maps
Acknowledgments
List of Abbreviations
Glossary
1. Introduction
2. China's Energy Security: A New Framework for Analysis
3. China's Domestic Energy Sector
4. The Global Search for Petroleum
5. Safeguarding China's Seaborne Petroleum Supplies
6. China's Continental Petroleum Strategy
7. Global
8. Conclusion
Notes
Bibliography
Index

About the Author

Dr. Øystein Tunsjø is an Associate Professor at the Norwegian Institute for Defence Studies. He is co-editor with Robert Ross and Zhang Tuosheng of US-China-EU Relations: Managing a New World Order (London: Routledge, 2010) and author of US Taiwan Policy: Constructing the Triangle (London: Routledge, 2008), both in Routledge’s Asian Security Studies Series. Tunsjø is co-editor with Robert S. Ross and Peter Dutton of Twenty First Century Seapower: Cooperation and Conflict at Sea (forthcoming, Routledge) and author of Security and Profit in China’s Energy Policy (CUP, 2013).