The Middle East Dilemma

The Politics and Economics of Arab Integration

Edited by Michael C. Hudson

Columbia University Press

The Middle East Dilemma

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Pub Date: December 1998

ISBN: 9780231111393

368 Pages

Format: Paperback

List Price: $35.00£27.00

The Middle East Dilemma

The Politics and Economics of Arab Integration

Edited by Michael C. Hudson

Columbia University Press

In the 1990 the Gulf War, the collapse of the Soviet Union, the Arab-Israeli peace process and the trend to market-driven economies impacted the regional political and economic order of the Arab world dramatically. How do these events affect the processes of Arab integration? Is the idea of an Arab political and economic comunity in the broadest sense no longer viable? What lessons can be learned from recent attempts toward the future of Arab unity? A team of respected political scientists, historians, and economists carefully assesses the state of regional integration and cooperation, and explains why integration in general has proven so elusive. From the unification of North and South Yemen, to the struggle for Mahgreb unity, and the experiences of the six-member Gulf Cooperation Council, this book presents a complex portrait of the history and prospects for Arab integration.

Part I examines the trends and points the way toward a more rational Arab order. Bahgat Korany reminds us of the continuing relevance of the balance-of-power in understanding Arab world dynamics. Bassam Tibi traces the decline of the Arab "imagined community" and the rise of the Arab state system. Part II offers five case studies exploring the political forces behind integrative attempts on the subregional level. Essays include Mustafa Al-Sayyid on the short-lived "United Arab Republic" of Egypt and Syria; and Abdul Khaleq Abdulla on the hastily established Gulf Cooperation Council. In Part III, economic integration and development are discussed. Roger Owens reviews the efforts to organize an Arab common market. Yusif Sayigh offers a blunt critique of the Joint Arab Economic Action project. Finally, Michael Hudson raises the possibility of a new model of inter-Arab coordination based on sovereign institutional realities and rational collective choice.
Introduction
1. Arab Integration: An Overview
Part I: The Changing Arab Regional System
2. The Arab World and the New Balance of Power in the Middle East, by Bahgat Korany
3. The Prospects for Arab Cooperation in a Changing Regional and Global System, by Paul Noble
4. From Pan-Arabism to the Community of Sovereign Arab States: Redefining the Arab and Arabism in the Aftermath of the Second Gulf War, by Bassam Tibi
Part II: Experiments in Political Integration
5. The Rise and Fall of the United Arab Republic, by Mustapha Kamil Al-Sayyid
6. The United Arab Emirates:A Quarter Century of Federation, by Frauke Heard-Bey
7. The Gulf Cooperation Council: Nature Origin, and Process, by Abdul Khaleq Abdulla
8. The Ups and Downs of Maghrib Unity, by William Zartman
9. The Republic of Yemen:The Politics of Unification and Civil War 1989–1995, by Robert Burrowes
Part III: Economic Integration
10. Inter-Arab Economic Relations During the Twentieth Century:World Market vs. Regional Market?, by Roger Owen
11. Arab Economic Integration:The Poor Harvest of the 1980s, by Yusif A. Sayigh
12. Technology: A Disintegrative Factor in the Arab World, by Antoine B. Zahlan
13. Labor Migration and Economic Integration in the Middle East, by Nemat Shafik
14. Prospects for Regional Economic Integration After Oslo, by Atif A. Kubursi

About the Author

Michael C. Hudson is professor of international relations and Seif Ghobash Professor of Arab Studies at Georgetown University.