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    • September 2014
    • 9780231147095
  • 368 Pages
  • Paperback
  • $26.00

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    • December 2011
    • 9780231147088
  • 368 Pages
  • Hardcover
  • $45.00

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    • December 2011
    • 9780231519588
  • 368 Pages
  • E-book
  • $44.99

The Right to Justification

Elements of a Constructivist Theory of Justice

Rainer Forst; Translated by Jeffrey Flynn

Contemporary philosophical pluralism recognizes the inevitability and legitimacy of multiple ethical perspectives and values, making it difficult to isolate the higher-order principles on which to base a theory of justice. Rising up to meet this challenge, Rainer Forst, a leading member of the Frankfurt School's newest generation of philosophers, conceives of an "autonomous" construction of justice founded on what he calls the basic moral right to justification.

Forst begins by identifying this right from the perspective of moral philosophy. Then, through an innovative, detailed critical analysis, he ties together the central components of social and political justice—freedom, democracy, equality, and toleration—and joins them to the right to justification. The resulting theory treats "justificatory power" as the central question of justice, and by adopting this approach, Forst argues, we can discursively work out, or "construct," principles of justice, especially with respect to transnational justice and human rights issues.

As he builds his theory, Forst engages with the work of Anglo-American philosophers such as John Rawls, Ronald Dworkin, and Amartya Sen, and critical theorists such as Jürgen Habermas, Nancy Fraser, and Axel Honneth. Straddling multiple subjects, from politics and law to social protest and philosophical conceptions of practical reason, Forst brilliantly gathers contesting claims around a single, elastic theory of justice.

About the Author

Rainer Forst is professor of political theory and philosophy at Goethe University in Frankfurt am Main, Germany, and director of the research cluster on the "Formation of Normative Orders." He is the author of Contexts of Justice: Political Philosophy Beyond Liberalism and Communitarianism; Toleration in Conflict: Past and Present; Justification and Critique: Towards a Critical Theory of Politics, and coauthor, with Wendy Brown, of The Power of Tolerance: A Debate. In 2012 he received the Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz Prize, the highest honor awarded to German researchers.

Jeffrey Flynn is assistant professor of philosophy at Fordham University.

Rainer Forst is the premier political philosopher of his generation in Germany and one of the most innovative and promising in the world today. An extraordinarily impressive feature of his philosophical work is his ability to move expertly and deftly between foundational arguments of an abstract nature and practical considerations having to do with the way that political life actually works. The Right to Justification will have a significant impact on American philosophy.

Charles Larmore, Brown University, author of The Practices of the Self

Rainer Forst's master idea is that people have a right and duty of reciprocal justification in the domain of shared institutions and that testing for the justice of such arrangements means testing for how far they are indeed justifiable. These essays demonstrate the personal signature Forst gives to that idea and the effective manner in which he applies it in different contexts.

Philip Pettit, Princeton University, author of A Theory of Freedom: From the Psychology to the Politics of Agency

Rainer Forst is at the forefront of the exciting encounter between critical social theory and Anglo-American normative philosophy. His work is a worthy successor to the Rawls-Habermas dialogue, which ended all too quickly. This work documents his systematic attempt to build a theory of human rights and democratic justice, beginning with the principle of the right to justification. He writes with grace and wit; this book will be widely read.

Seyla Benhabib, Yale University

Rainer Forst advocates a critical theory of justice grounded on the 'basic right to justification.' In these luminous essays, he elaborates this simple yet powerful idea in relation to a broad range of issues, including the notions of practical reason and human autonomy; political liberty and multicultural toleration; deliberative democracy and the welfare state; and human rights and global justice. The result is a philosophical tour de force and a major new program for refounding critical theory.

Nancy Fraser, New School, author of Scales of Justice: Reimagining Political Space in a Globalizing World

Forst's Right to Justification is a tour de force that exhibits both a compelling, unified vision and a wide range of concrete insights. It ought to be read by all those with an interest in moral or political philosophy or in global justice.

Henry S. Richardson

In his ambitious masterpiece, Toleration in Conflict, Rainer Forst laid the groundwork for an innovative concept, the right to justification. Here he has developed this prolific idea in a systematic manner, establishing a compelling and original political theory. Forst, a brilliant scholar, deserves his reputation as one of the leading political philosophers of his generation.

Juergen Habermas

A brilliant work that cements Forst's place in the top rank of moral and political philosophers.

William J. Talbott

With penetrating insight and enviable clarity, Forst describes and critiques prominent approaches to designing theories of justice - both national and transnational - and, in turn, constructs a unique and persuasive theory of his own.

Shaun P. Young

[ The Right to Justification] offer[s] sophisticated contributions to our understanding of the theory and practice of democratic politics.

Mark E. Button

Moving well beyond the earlier generation of discursive theories, [Forst] opens up new modalities of politics and provide[s] us with new ways of thinking about them.

Kevin Olson

PrefaceTranslator's NoteIntroduction: The Foundation of JusticePart 1: Foundations: Practical Reason, Morality, and Justice1. Practical Reason and Justifying Reasons: On the Foundation of Morality2. Moral Autonomy and the Autonomy of Morality: Toward a Theory of Normativity After Kant3. Ethics and Morality4. The Justification of Justice: Rawls's Political Liberalism and Habermas's Discourse Theory in DialoguePart 2: Political and Social Justice5. Political Liberty: Integrating Five Conceptions of Autonomy6. A Critical Theory of Multicultural Toleration7. The Rule of Reasons: Three Models of Deliberative Democracy8. Social Justice, Justification, and PowerPart 3: Human Rights and Transnational Justice9. The Basic Right to Justification: Toward a Constructivist Conception of Human Rights10. Constructions of Transnational Justice: Comparing John Rawls's The Law of Peoples and Otfried Höffe's Democracy in an Age of Globalisation11. Justice, Morality, and Power in the Global Context12. Toward a Critical Theory of Transnational JusticeNotesBibliography