Determinants of Health

An Economic Perspective

Michael Grossman

Columbia University Press

Determinants of Health

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Pub Date: August 2017

ISBN: 9780231178129

832 Pages

Format: Hardcover

List Price: $80.00£66.95

Pub Date: August 2017

ISBN: 9780231544511

832 Pages

Format: E-book

List Price: $79.99£66.95

Determinants of Health

An Economic Perspective

Michael Grossman

Columbia University Press

This collection of Michael Grossman’s most important papers adds essential background and depth to his work on economic determinants of public health. Each of the book’s four sections includes an introduction that contextualizes the issues and addresses the larger stakes of his work. An afterword discusses the significance of Grossman’s approach for subsequent research on health economics, as well as the work others have done to advance and extend his innovative perspective.

Determinants of Health explains how the economic choices people make influence health and health behaviors. It begins with a section on the theoretical underpinnings and empirical results of Grossman’s groundbreaking health economics model, first introduced in the 1970s, followed by essays on the relationship between health and schooling; determinants of infant health, with a special emphasis on public policies and programs; and the economics of unhealthy behaviors. Grossman treats health as a form of human capital. He shows that public policies and programs that determine the price and availability of key inputs have critical effects on outcomes ranging from birth weight and infant mortality to cigarette smoking, alcohol abuse, illegal drug use, and obesity. Grossman’s approach has led to a major stream of literature in the field, sparking contributions by the world’s leading health economists, including Joseph Newhouse, Jonathan Gruber, Amy Finkelstein, Michael Greenstone, and David Cutler. His clarity on the role that economics play in people’s good and bad health choices is immensely valuable to the debate over how we legislate and spend on health.
A volume of Grossman's selected works is long overdue. One of the founders of the field of health economics, he has been an incredibly prolific researcher, and there is enormous value to having his seminal papers available in book form. Joseph Newhouse, Harvard University
They say that success has many fathers—and one clear share of paternity for the incredibly successful field of health economics belongs to Grossman. His work on health capital defined the framework for economists' modeling health outcomes, and his broad empirical agenda has led the way in applying the model. And his research agenda on addictive behaviors paved the way for the entry of this area into mainstream health economics. This book is a terrific chance for those inside and outside the field to reflect on Grossman's many accomplishments. Jonathan Gruber, Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Michael Grossman is one of the founders of the field of health economics, who has contributed enormously to our understanding of the demand for health, the relationship between education and health, determinants of infant health, and the economics of risky health behaviors. This volume of his best, most often-cited articles (which are required reading in graduate courses in health economics) is long overdue. I use and cite these papers routinely, and this volume will have a prominent place on my bookshelf, next to the works of Gary Becker. John Cawley, Cornell University, coeditor of the Journal of Health Economics
This volume collects papers that rest on and flow from Michael Grossman’s seminal 1972 model of health capital. The coherent and impressive body of work informs and serves as a “hypothesis generating machine.” Discerning readers will be inspired to push the frontier of knowledge about the rational production of health. Dean Lillard, The Ohio State University
Michael Grossman was the original intellectual leader in the economics of population health and health behaviors, and his leadership internationally has persisted over five decades. This book assembles his work from disparate sources in one place. His commentaries on his studies provide helpful perspective, especially for relative newcomers to the field. However, even old-timers are likely to discover papers relevant to their own work that they wish they had read previously. Frank Sloan, Duke University
Foreword, by John Mullahy
Introduction and Acknowledgments
Part 1. The Demand for Health: Theoretical Underpinnings and Empirical Results
Introduction to Part 1
1. On the Concept of Health Capital and the Demand for Health, by Michael Grossman
2. The Human Capital Model, by Michael Grossman
Afterword to Part 1
Part 2. The Relationship between Health and Schooling
Introduction to Part 2
3. The Correlation between Health and Schooling, by Michael Grossman
4. An Exploration of the Dynamic Relationship between Health and Cognitive Development in Adolescence, by Robert A. Shakotko, Linda N. Edwards, and Michael Grossman
5. Parental Education and Child Health: Evidence from a Natural Experiment in Taiwan, by Shin-Yi Chou, Jin-Tan Liu, Michael Grossman, and Ted Joyce
6. Women’s Education: Harbinger of Another Spring? Evidence from a Natural Experiment in Turkey, by Mehmet Alper Dinçer, Neeraj Kaushal, and Michael Grossman
Afterword to Part 2
Part 3. Determinants of Infant Health with Special Emphasis on Public Policies and Programs
Introduction to Part 3
7. Variations in Infant Mortality Rates among Counties of the United States: The Roles of Public Policies and Programs, by Michael Grossman and Steven Jacobowitz
8. Determinants of Neonatal Mortality Rates in the United States: A Reduced Form Model, by Hope Corman and Michael Grossman
9. Birth Outcome Production Functions in the United States, by Hope Corman, Theodore J. Joyce, and Michael Grossman
10. Unobservables, Pregnancy Resolutions, and Birth Weight Production Functions in New York City, by Michael Grossman and Theodore J. Joyce
11. The Impact of National Health Insurance on Birth Outcomes: A Natural Experiment in Taiwan, Shin-Yi Chou, Michael Grossman, and Jin-Tan Liu
Afterword to Part 3
Part 4. The Economics of Unhealthy Behaviors
Introduction to Part 4
12. The Effects of Government Regulation on Teenage Smoking, by Eugene M. Lewit, Douglas Coate, and Michael Grossman
13. Beer Taxes, the Legal Drinking Age, and Youth Motor Vehicle Fatalities, by Henry Saffer and Michael Grossman
14. Effects of Alcoholic Beverage Prices and Legal Drinking Ages on Youth Alcohol Use, by Douglas Coate and Michael Grossman
15. Rational Addiction and the Effect of Price on Consumption, by Gary S. Becker, Michael Grossman, and Kevin M. Murphy
16. An Empirical Analysis of Cigarette Addiction, by Gary S. Becker, Michael Grossman, and Kevin M. Murphy
17. An Empirical Analysis of Alcohol Addiction: Results from the Monitoring the Future Panels, by Michael Grossman, Frank J. Chaloupka, and Ismail Sirtalan
18. The Demand for Cocaine by Young Adults: A Rational Addiction Approach, by Michael Grossman and Frank J. Chaloupka
19. An Economic Analysis of Adult Obesity: Results from the Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System, by Shin-Yi Chou, Michael Grossman, and Henry Saffer
20. Fast-Food Restaurant Advertising on Television and Its Influence on Childhood Obesity, by Shin-Yi Chou, Inas Rashad, and Michael Grossman
21. Food Prices and Body Fatness among Youths, by Michael Grossman, Erdal Tekin, and Roy Wada
Afterword to Part 4
Reflections
Index

About the Author

Michael Grossman is Distinguished Professor of Economics at the City University of New York Graduate Center, Health Economics Program Director at the National Bureau of Economic Research, and a research fellow at IZA. He is the inaugural recipient of the American Society of Health Economists' award for lifetime contributions to the field of health economics. He is also the author of The Demand for Health: A Theoretical and Empirical Investigation (Columbia, 2017).