Edo Kabuki in Transition

From the Worlds of the Samurai to the Vengeful Female Ghost

Satoko Shimazaki

Columbia University Press

Edo Kabuki in Transition

Pub Date: April 2016

ISBN: 9780231172264

392 Pages

Format: Hardcover

List Price: $60.00£47.00

Pub Date: April 2016

ISBN: 9780231540520

392 Pages

Format: E-book

List Price: $59.99£47.00

Edo Kabuki in Transition

From the Worlds of the Samurai to the Vengeful Female Ghost

Satoko Shimazaki

Columbia University Press

Satoko Shimazaki revisits three centuries of kabuki theater, reframing it as a key player in the formation of an early modern urban identity in Edo Japan and exploring the process that resulted in its re-creation in Tokyo as a national theatrical tradition. Challenging the prevailing understanding of early modern kabuki as a subversive entertainment and a threat to shogunal authority, Shimazaki argues that kabuki instilled a sense of shared history in the inhabitants of Edo (present-day Tokyo) by invoking "worlds," or sekai, derived from earlier military tales, and overlaying them onto the present. She then analyzes the profound changes that took place in Edo kabuki toward the end of the early modern period, which witnessed the rise of a new type of character: the vengeful female ghost.

Shimazaki's bold reinterpretation of the history of kabuki centers on the popular ghost play Tokaido Yotsuya kaidan (The Eastern Seaboard Highway Ghost Stories at Yotsuya, 1825) by Tsuruya Nanboku IV. Drawing not only on kabuki scripts but also on a wide range of other sources, from theatrical ephemera and popular fiction to medical and religious texts, she sheds light on the development of the ubiquitous trope of the vengeful female ghost and its illumination of new themes at a time when the samurai world was losing its relevance. She explores in detail the process by which nineteenth-century playwrights began dismantling the Edo tradition of "presenting the past" by abandoning their long-standing reliance on the sekai. She then reveals how, in the 1920s, a new generation of kabuki playwrights, critics, and scholars reinvented the form again, "textualizing" kabuki so that it could be pressed into service as a guarantor of national identity.
A sophisticated, entertaining, and well-written contribution to nineteenth-century kabuki studies that both challenges the conventional wisdom of early modern theater scholarship and illuminates the splendid, ghastly world of Japanese horror. Keller Kimbrough, author of Wondrous Brutal Fictions: Eight Buddhist Tales from the Early Japanese Puppet Theater
Satoko Shimazaki's fascinating study of early modern kabuki performance reveals a new kabuki theater to us, not a cultural practice with a relatively stable body of texts at its center but a major site of social and cultural negotiation whose central feature and strength lies in its remarkable variety and adaptability. Marvin Carlson, author of The Haunted Stage: The Theatre as Memory Machine
Edo Kabuki in Transition is an extraordinary contribution to the field of kabuki studies, in both the West and Japan. Its unconventional yet comprehensive view of Edo kabuki's evolution, especially its playwriting practices, filtered through the lens of Tsuruya Nanboku IV's 1825 coproduction of his revolutionary ghost play Yotsuya kaidan and the popular history play Chushingura, is original and searching. Satoko Shimazaki's highly readable, marvelously researched study gives us both a penetrating understanding of the fluidity of Edo dramaturgy and an exceptionally thorough examination of the ghost play genre. Samuel L. Leiter, author of The Art of Kabuki: Five Famous Plays
This fascinating book is a bold revisioning of the development of kabuki theater in Edo (present-day Tokyo).... Highly recommended. Choice
Acknowledgments
A Note to the Reader
Introduction
Part I. The Birth of Edo Kabuki
1. Presenting the Past: Edo Kabuki and the Creation of Community
Part II. The Beginning of the End of Edo Kabuki: Yotsuya kaidan in 1825
2. Overturning the World: The Treasury of Loyal Retainers and Yotsuya kaidan
3. Shades of Jealousy: The Body of the Female Ghost
4. The End of the World: Figures of the Ubume and the Breakdown of Theater Tradition
Part III: The Modern Rebirth of Kabuki
5. Another History: Yotsuya kaidan on Stage and Page
Notes
Bibliography
Index

Read the introduction:

Winner, 2018 John Whitney Hall Book Prize, Association for Asian Studies

Commended, 2017 Barnard Hewitt Award for Outstanding Research in Theater History, American Society for Theater Research

Long-listed, 2017 ICAS Book Prize, International Convention of Asia Scholars

Winner, 2016 Choice Outstanding Academic Title

About the Author

Satoko Shimazaki is assistant professor of Japanese literature and theater at the University of Southern California. Her research focuses on early modern Japanese theater and popular literature; the modern history of kabuki; gender representation on the kabuki stage; and the interaction of performance, print, and text.