This book offers new insight into the diversity of democracy promotion. It takes up the puzzle of mixed results for international agencies in external democracy promotion despite the global goal of democracy and the attempt to shape a common policy emphasized in various international agreements. Against the backdrop of backlashes and the search for new answers, it analyzes how the UNDP and the EC promoted democracy in Rwanda from 2003 until 2013 with a selective outlook until today. As a result, it outlines how democracy promotion strategies differ. Furthermore, it develops a new concept of variances which can be applied for other international organizations and agencies as well as in other recipient states.