From Heidegger to Marx
From Heidegger to Marx
Having lost much of its political clout and theoretical power, communism no longer represents an appealing alternative to capitalism. In its original Marxist formulation, communism promised an ideal of development, but only through a logic of war, and while a number of reformist governments still promote this ideology, their legitimacy has steadily declined since the fall of the Berlin wall.
Separating communism from its metaphysical foundations, which include an abiding faith in the immutable laws of history and an almost holy conception of the proletariat, Gianni Vattimo and Santiago Zabala recast Marx's theories at a time when capitalism's metaphysical moorings—in technology, empire, and industrialization—are buckling. While Michael Hardt and Antonio Negri call for a return of the revolutionary left, Vattimo and Zabala fear this would lead only to more violence and failed political policy. Instead, they adopt an antifoundationalist stance drawn from the hermeneutic thought of Martin Heidegger, Jacques Derrida, and Richard Rorty.
Hermeneutic communism leaves aside the ideal of development and the general call for revolution; it relies on interpretation rather than truth and proves more flexible in different contexts. Hermeneutic communism motivates a resistance to capitalism's inequalities yet intervenes against violence and authoritarianism by emphasizing the interpretative nature of truth. Paralleling Vattimo and Zabala's well-known work on the weakening of religion, Hermeneutic Communism realizes the fully transformational, politically effective potential of Marxist thought.
Part I. Framed Democracy
1. Imposing Descriptions
2. Armed Capitalism
Part II. Hermeneutic Communism
3. Interpretation as Anarchy
4. Hermeneutic Communism
- Read Santiago Zabala's essay Analytic Philosophy's Fire Alarm
- Santiago Zabala on Piketty and the Pope, and why Marx is back
- Read a review in the Los Angeles Review of Books and an interview with Santiago Zabala in LARB
- Read an interview with Gianni Vattimo and Santiago Zabala
- Rean Santiago Zabala's essay An Editorial and Ontological Insurrection
- Read Santiago Zabala's New York Times op-ed How To Be a European (Union) Philosopher.
- Read a review from Marx & Philosophy Review of Books.