Robert K. Merton

Sociology of Science and Sociology as Science

Edited by Craig Calhoun

Columbia University Press

Robert K. Merton

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Pub Date: May 2017

ISBN: 9780231151139

336 Pages

Format: Paperback

List Price: $26.00

Pub Date: September 2010

ISBN: 9780231151122

336 Pages

Format: Hardcover

List Price: $60.00

Pub Date: September 2010

ISBN: 9780231521840

336 Pages

Format: E-book

List Price: $59.99

Robert K. Merton

Sociology of Science and Sociology as Science

Edited by Craig Calhoun

Columbia University Press

Robert K. Merton (1910-2003) was one of the most influential sociologists of the twentieth century, producing clear theories and innovative research that continue to shape multiple disciplines. Merton's reach can be felt in the study of social structure, social psychology, deviance, professions, organizations, culture, and science. Yet for all his fame, Merton is only partially understood. He is treated by scholars as a functional analyst, when in truth his contributions transcend paradigm.

Gathering together twelve major sociologists, Craig Calhoun launches a thorough reconsideration of Merton's achievements and inspires a renewed engagement with sociological theory. Merton's work addressed the challenges of integrating research and theory. It connected different fields of empirical research and spoke to the importance of overcoming divisions between allegedly pure and applied sociology. Merton also sought to integrate sociology with the institutional analysis of science, each informing the other. By bringing together different aspects of his work in one volume, Calhoun illuminates the interdisciplinary—and unifying—dimensions of Merton's approach, while also advancing the intellectual agenda of an increasingly vital area of study.

Contributors: Aaron L. Panofsky, University of California; Alan Sica, Pennsylvania State University; Alejandro Portes, Princeton University; Charles Camic, Northwestern University; Charles Tilly, Columbia University; Craig Calhoun, Social Science Research Council and New York University; Cynthia Fuchs Epstein, City University of New York; Harriet Zuckerman, Mellon Foundation; Peter Simonson, University of Colorado; Ragnvald Kalleberg, University of Oslo; Robert J. Sampson, Harvard University; Thomas F. Gieryn, Indiana University; Viviana A. Zelizer, Princeton University
Preface
Introduction: On Merton's Legacy and Contemporary Sociology, by Craig Calhoun, Social Science Research Council and New York University
1. Reflections on a Common Theme: Establishing the Phenomenon, Adumbration, and Ideal Types, by Alejandro Portes, Princeton University
2. Mechanisms of the Middle Range, by Charles Tilly, Columbia University
3. Eliding the Theory/Research and Basic/Applied Divides: Implications of Merton's Middle Range, by Robert J. Sampson, Harvard University
4. The Contributions of Robert K. Merton to Culture Theory, by Cynthia Fuchs Epstein, City University of New York
5. Culture and Uncertainty, by Viviana A. Zelizer, Princeton University
6. "Paradigm for the Sociology of Science", by Thomas F. Gieryn, Indiana University
7. A Critical Reconsideration of the Ethos and Autonomy of Science, by Aaron L. Panofsky, University of California
8. Merton, Mannheim, and the Sociology of Knowledge, by Alan Sica, Pennsylvania State University
9. The Ethos of Science and the Ethos of Democracy, by Ragnvald Kalleberg, University of Oslo
10. Merton's Sociology of Rhetoric, by Peter Simonson, University of Colorado
11. On Sociological Semantics as an Evolving Research Program, by Harriet Zuckerman, Mellon Foundation
12. How Merton Sociologizes the History of Ideas, by Charles Camic, Northwestern University
List of Contributors
Index

About the Author

Craig Calhoun is president of the Berggruen Institute. He was previously director and president of the London School of Economics and Political Science, where he remains Centennial Professor.