The Conflicted Superpower

America’s Collaboration with China and India in Global Innovation

Andrew B. Kennedy

Columbia University Press

The Conflicted Superpower

Pub Date: May 2018

ISBN: 9780231185547

280 Pages

Format: Hardcover

List Price: $35.00£27.00

Pub Date: May 2018

ISBN: 9780231546201

280 Pages

Format: E-book

List Price: $34.99£27.00

The Conflicted Superpower

America’s Collaboration with China and India in Global Innovation

Andrew B. Kennedy

Columbia University Press

For decades, leadership in technological innovation has sustained U.S. power worldwide. Today, however, processes that undergird innovation increasingly transcend national borders. Cross-border flows of brainpower have reached unprecedented heights, while multinationals invest more and more in high-tech facilities abroad. In this new world, U.S. technological leadership increasingly involves collaboration with other countries. China and India have emerged as particularly prominent partners, most notably as suppliers of intellectual talent to the United States. In The Conflicted Superpower, Andrew Kennedy explores how the world’s most powerful country approaches its growing collaboration with these two rising powers.

Whereas China and India have embraced global innovation, policy in the United States is conflicted. Kennedy explains why, through in-depth case studies of U.S. policies toward skilled immigration, foreign students, and offshoring. These make clear that U.S. policy is more erratic than strategic, the outcome of domestic battles between competing interests. Pressing for openness is the “high-tech community”—the technology firms and research universities that embody U.S. technological leadership. Yet these pro-globalization forces can face resistance from a range of other interests, including labor and anti-immigration groups, and the nature of this resistance powerfully shapes just how open national policy is. Kennedy concludes by asking whether U.S. policies are accelerating or slowing American decline, and considering the prospects for U.S. policy making in years to come.
This is a subject that has only now begun to elicit serious scrutiny, and Kennedy's book will be among the first to investigate this issue seriously. Kennedy's explanations are well thought out and eminently defensible. Superb. Ashley J. Tellis, Senior Fellow, Carnegie Endowment for International Peace
Kennedy has provided a historically and theoretically rich explanation of why the United States has for so long embraced openness as essential to technological innovation. The Conflicted Superpower will be essential reading for policy makers and analysts who want to understand the United States’ complex science and technology relationship with India and China. Adam Segal, Council on Foreign Relations
In this groundbreaking book, Andrew Kennedy addresses the puzzle of why the United States has continued to collaborate with China and India on technological innovation despite economic and strategic rivalries. Through impeccably researched case studies, Kennedy shows how U.S. high-tech firms and research universities have been the drivers of open U.S. policies, and how their interests have often triumphed on issues such as immigration of skilled labor and offshoring of R&D. John Ravenhill, director, Balsillie School of International Affairs
Preface
Introduction
1. The Rise of Global Innovation
2. Innovation Leadership and Contested Openness
3. The Swinging Door: Skilled Workers
4. The Open Door: Foreign Students
5. The (Mostly) Open Door: Global R&D
Conclusion
Notes
Bibliography
Index

About the Author

Andrew B. Kennedy is senior lecturer in the Crawford School of Public Policy at the Australian National University.