The President and His Inner Circle

Leadership Style and the Advisory Process in Foreign Policy Making

Thomas Preston

Columbia University Press

The President and His Inner Circle

Pub Date: February 2001

ISBN: 9780231116213

256 Pages

Format: Paperback

List Price: $34.00£28.00

Pub Date: February 2001

ISBN: 9780231506106

256 Pages

Format: E-book

List Price: $33.99£28.00

The President and His Inner Circle

Leadership Style and the Advisory Process in Foreign Policy Making

Thomas Preston

Columbia University Press

Few would argue that presidential policies and performance would have been the same whether John F. Kennedy or Richard Nixon became president in 1960, or if Jimmy Carter instead of Ronald Reagan had won the White House in 1980. Indeed, in recent elections, the character, prior policy experience, or personalities of candidates have played an increasing role in our assessments of their "fit" for the Oval Office. Further, these same characteristics are often used to explain an administration's success or failure in policy making. Obviously, who the president is—and what he is like—matters.

This book, a new approach to the study of the personal presidency, links the characteristics of six modern American presidents—their personalities and their prior policy-making experience—to their leadership styles, advisory arrangements, and decision making in the White House. Thomas Preston uses M. G. Hermann's Personality Assessment-at-a-Distance (PAD) profiling technique, as well as exhaustive archival research and interviews with former advisors, to develop a leadership style typology. He then compares his model's expectations against the actual policy record of six past presidents, using foreign policy episodes: Korea (1950) for Truman, Dien Bien Phu (1954) for Eisenhower, Cuba (1962) for Kennedy, Vietnam (1967-68) for Johnson, the Gulf War (1990-91) for Bush, and North Korea/Haiti/Bosnia (1994-95) for Clinton.
Preston provides an elaborate typology of presidential leadership styles and choices about the organization of policy advice.... His labels are carefully developed and defined, and the classification system as a whole is impressive in its complexity and integrative ambition. R. A. Strong, Choice
A thoughtful and incisive work....a workable model for analyzing presidential decisionmaking in both foreign and domestic affairs. Michael E. Long, White House Studies
Introduction: Understanding the Mosaic of Presidential Personality and Leadership Style
1. Leadership Style: The "Enabler'' of Presidential Power
2. Harry S. Truman and the Korean War
3. Dwight D. Eisenhower and Dien Bien Phu
4. John F. Kennedy and the Cuban Missile Crisis
5. Lyndon B. Johnson and the Partial Bombing Halt in Vietnam
6. George Bush and the Gulf War
7. Bill Clinton: North Korea, Haiti, and Bosnia
8. Presidential Personality and the Grand Mosaic of Leadership
Bibliography

About the Author

Thomas Preston is assistant professor of international relations in the Department of Political Science at Washington State University.