Transitional Justice, Culture, and Society

Beyond Outreach

Edited by Clara Ramírez-Barat

Social Science Research Council

Transitional Justice, Culture, and Society

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Pub Date: March 2014

ISBN: 9780911400021

560 Pages

Format: Paperback

List Price: $30.00£24.95

Transitional Justice, Culture, and Society

Beyond Outreach

Edited by Clara Ramírez-Barat

Social Science Research Council

Transitional justice processes have a fundamental public dimension. Their impact depends in part on the social support they receive. For this reason, transitional justice bodies have increasingly implemented outreach programs.

Beyond the role of outreach, however, other initiatives—such as media and cultural interventions—can strengthen, but also in some cases undermine, the public resonance of transitional justice. How can media and art be used to engage society in discussions about accountability and redress? How do media influence social perceptions and attitudes toward the legacy of the past? To what extent is social engagement in the public sphere necessary to advance the political transformation that transitional justice measures try to promote? Examining the roles that society and culture play in transitional justice contexts, the essays in this volume focus on the ways in which communicative practices can raise public awareness of and reflection on the legacies of mass abuse.
The book addresses a long-standing gap in transitional justice between institutional interventions and the need to recognize and support the mechanisms of human interaction—what happens between people and between communities and the structures established to maintain them. This unique collection of essays addresses the breadth of communicative mechanisms—from traditional media to new media and from art to film to photography to literature. The beautifully crafted chapters bring alive the multidimensional nature of social engagement and describe how these societal processes can maim and destroy as well as contribute to survival and healing. This collection is the first in the transitional justice literature to recognize the need to move beyond top-down 'outreach' programs to support two-way communication in its multiple forms and to recognize that societies rebuild by utilizing social, psychological, historical, and cultural pathways that strengthen their commitment to change. The strength of this book lies in its attention to multiple forms of creation and its appreciation of societal energies in responding to the past and addressing the future. Harvey M. Weinstein, Human Rights Center, University of California, Berkeley
The contributors examine various forms of outreach attempted after a transition—from official press releases to participatory theater to Sesame Street—to sort through what has and has not worked and why. Together, these pieces make a powerful argument that efforts to deal with the past will fail unless they are connected to society. Tina Rosenberg, author of The Haunted Land: Facing Europe's Ghosts After Communism
Preface
On Making the Invisible Visible: The Role of Cultural Interventions in Transitional Justice Processes
Pablo de GreiffIntroduction
Transitional Justice and the Public Sphere
Clara Ramírez-Barat Part One: Outreach in Transitional JusticeChapter 1
Implementing an Engagement Model: Outreach at the Special Court for Sierra Leone
Maya KarwandeChapter 2
Making Justice Visible: Bosnia and Herzegovina's Domestic War Crimes Trials Outreach
Stephanie A. BarbourChapter 3
Reaching Out to Victims and Communities: The CAVR's Experiences in Timor-Leste
Patrick Burgess and Galuh WanditaChapter 4
Between Protection and Participation: Involving Children and Youth in Transitional Justice Processes
Virginie Ladisch and Clara Ramírez-BaratPart Two: Conflict, Media, and JusticeChapter 5
Democratization of Media in Post-Conflict Situations: Reporting on ICTY War Crimes Trials in Serbia
Nidžara Ahmetašević and Tanja MatićChapter 6
The Uses and Abuses of Media: Rwanda before and after the Genocide
Timothy LongmanChapter 7
The Media's Potential in Developing Social Awareness for Justice: The Example of Interactive Radio for Justice
Wanda E. HallChapter 8
Using Media to Foster Mutual Respect and Understanding among Children in a Post-Conflict Region: The Rruga Sesam/Ulica Sezam in Kosovo
Charlotte F. Cole and June H. LeeChapter 9
"Friend" of the Court: New Media and Transitional Justice
Camille CrittendenPart Three: Art, Culture, and Transitional JusticeChapter 10
From Tears to Energy: Early Uses of Participatory Theater in Afghanistan
Nadia Siddiqui and Hjalmar Jorge Joffre-EichhornChapter 11
Reverberations of Testimony: South Africa's Truth and Reconciliation Commission in Art and Media
Catherine M. ColeChapter 12
Photography and Transitional Justice: Evidence, Postcard, Placard, Token of Absence Eduardo González Cueva and M. Florencia LibrizziChapter 13
Visions of Justice and Accountability: Transitional Justice and Film
Carolyn Patty BlumChapter 14
Memoryworks/Memory Works
Louis BickfordChapter 15
Literature and Experiences of Harm
Carlos Thiebaut Luis-AndréContributors

About the Author

Clara Ramírez-Barat is a senior associate in the Research Unit at ICTJ. She is the recipient of an MA in philosophy from Columbia University and a PhD in philosophy from the University Carlos III of Madrid. For the past ten years, her research has focused on different aspects of transitional justice and democratic theory.