The doctoral students of the economist and teacher Venkatesh B. Athreya organized a seminar in his honor in January 2016. This book is a collection of the papers presented at that seminar and a few invited contributions. The book is a collection of papers on the theme of agriculture and rural India with special emphasis, as the title suggests, on the experience of economic reforms since the 1990s. One set of papers gives the macro-perspective, while another set gives an insight into agrarian and rural transformation through case studies. The paper by Utsa Patnaik brings a historical perspective to the subject.